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WHH - French Revolution
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The French Revolution started in 1789 and continued throughout the Napoleonic era til 1815 when Louis XVIII was set upon the throne by the Congress of Vienna.
This test is scheduled for October 29, and will contain 30 multiple choice questions and 1 short essay. The Homework Packet is due the same day.

In-Class Project - Evaluate events during the French Revolution in small groups. Make sure that you bring your textbooks on October 16-17!
Notes from Class Discussion 10/20-21/2004:
  • The French Revolution had its roots in the reign of Louis XIV. 
  • Louis broke the French treasury by fighting too many losing wars.
  • His last war, the War of the Spanish Succession ended with his grandson Philip V ascending the Spanish throne and starting a political union between the two countries that lasted until the mid 1800s.
  • Louis XIV also spent a large fortune on building his palace at Versailles, pushing France deeper into debt.
  • When Louis died in 1715, he left his 5-year old great-grandson, Louis XV the throne. 
  • Since Louis XIV did not trust anyone else to help him rule, there was no one competent to take over.
  • Louis XV grew up with a regent ruling the throne, no understanding of finances or politics, and a lot of parties that threw France deeper and deeper into debt.
  • Louis XV is reported to have said when a minister expressed concern over the growing political and economic problems of France, "After me, the flood."

Board Notes from 10/2-4/2013:
Louis XIV - Versailles & lost wars
Louis XV - parties & French and Indian War
Louis XVI - parties, American Revolution, poor harvest, famine, bankruptcy
Meeting of the Estates-General - 1789, reps prepare cahiers, 1 vote per estate
Tennis Court Oath - 1789
Storming of the Bastille - July 14, 1789
Constitution of 1791 - 1st constitution, constitutional monarchy, Louis XVI still king, Louis & family try to flee
war with Europe - starts 1792 with France vs. Austria, Prussia, Russia & England
1792-95 - Republic
Louis killed as traitor 1793
1793-94 - Reign of Terror
1795 -oligarchy with Directory (5-man)
1799 - oligarchy with Consulate (3-man)
1804 - Napoleon as Emperor
1815 - Congress of Vienna restores Louis XVIII to throne as constitutional monarch

Board Notes 10/26/2004:
Writing the Outline for the DBQ:
Question: What were the most important causes of the French Revolution (discuss three)?
I. Thesis statement (one sentence answer to the essay question)
II-IV. 3 support ideas
A. in doc. 1 ...
B. Accoding to Arthur Young, ...
V. Conclusion (tie thesis statement together with support ideas)
*Except for the thesis statement, all support may be in fragments
*due at the end of the period. 
Types of Government the French Revolution goes through:
  • Absolute Monarchy
  • Constitutional Monarchy
  • Legislative Assembly
  • Republic
  • Directory
  • Consulate
  • Absolute Monarchy
  • Constitutional Monarchy

Congress of Vienna

  • Hosted by Prince Clemens von Metternich in Vienna, Austrian Empire
  • Attended by
    • Alexander I of Russia
    • Talleyrand of France
    • Castlereagh of Britain
    • Karl von Hardenburg of Prussia
    • Other delegates not allowed to make decisions
  • interrupted by Napoleon’s 100 Days in 1814-1815
  • decide to establish France as constitutional monarchy with Louis XVIII (brother of Louis XVI) on throne
  • France’s borders will go back to pre-Napoleonic times (before he gained power in 1799 under the Consulate)
  • Restore Spain’s monarchy
  • Keep Kingdom of Poland, but place under the jurisdiction of Russia
  • Create Concert of Europe (all countries will unite to prevent and out down revolution)
  • Reestablishes balance of power
  • Promotes status quo till 1848

Alexander I promotes Holy Alliance (all Christian leaders join together to prevent rebellion); is a joke among European leaders because focus on religion

Board Notes from 2009:

Peasants carry the finacial burden of France

Helpful Videos for the French Revolution:

History Channel Documentary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CUrEJBsWLfA

Alternate Cause of the French Revolution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71Jqaz6ex9I

Napoleon Bonaparte: Glory of France - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gTsyMG5RVow

Crash Course #29 French Revolution - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTTvKwCylFY



Essay topics for French Revolution:

  • different types of government throughout the revolution
  • development of democracy throughout the revolution
  • influence of the enlightenment and american revolution on the revolution
  • causes of the French Revolution
  • Napoleon
  • beginnings and spread of nationalism
  • Congress of Vienna

Copyright Ann-Marie Fine 2011-13, All Rights Reserved.
Last updated, October 2013.